We like to throw around “blog ideas” over here at Croft to help my fellow blog partner, Amy and I have a new fresh blog every week. We try to keep our readers up to date with both the new and the old. Someone threw out the idea of writing about a workover rig. Still being new to the industry, I snatched this topic up because I simply wanted to learn more about it myself! My main focus for this blog is simply discussing what is a workover rig and why it is important.
First off, maybe you know a workover rig by a different name. They can be called completion wells or pulling units. I just want to try to avoid any confusion! I am going to give Wikipedia’s definition first and then break it down to layman’s terms for those of you who don’t quite understand what the Wiki is trying to say (Like me). According to Wikipedia, “The term workover is used to refer to any kind of oil well intervention involving invasive techniques, such as wireline, coiled tubing or snubbing. More specifically though, it will refer to the expensive process of pulling and replacing a completion.” Let’s break down some of that Terminology…
Oil Well Intervention: Occurs during or after the life of an oil or gas well. It changes the state of the well, well geometry, manages production or provides well diagnostics.
Wireline: A cable used to lower equipment or measurement devices into a well for well intervention, reservoir evaluation, and pipe recovery.
Coiled Tubing: A long metal pipe used to carry out operations similar to wirelining. However, it has the ability to pump chemicals through the pipe and push it downhole.
Snubbing: This method is used in more demanding situations when wireline and coiled tubing does not offer the strength and durability needed. Snubbing runs the bottom hole assembly on a pipe string using a hydraulic workover rig.
When is a Workover Rig Necessary?
So basically, the purpose of a workover rig is to replace a well with a fresh completion. This may have to happen due to the well deteriorating or the changing of reservoir conditions. This is performed if a well completion is unsuitable for the job at hand. An example of the well deteriorating is the equipment may have become damaged or corroded such as production tubing, safety valves, electrical pumps, etc. An example of the changing of reservoir conditions maybe if the flow of a well has decreased over time. If this happens, when the well was originally drilled, it was fit for tubing that was big enough for a higher flow of oil and gas. As the flow decreased, smaller tubing is now needed.
For a workover to take place, a well must be killed or in other words, stop the flow of oil or gas. This is an intense procedure for a workover to take place, so they are planned long in advance.
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